HABITABILITY AND INFRAESTRUCTURE - Caraguapa.org

The refugee center for people with albinism and functional diversity is an overcrowded center that depends on the government of Tanzania and within which 293 people live, of which very few can leave regularly, I know because they do not have the means to visit their families or because they do not have permission to leave the center as is the case of people with albinism. This confinement causes not only outbreaks of various diseases, but also a practically irreparable family and social breakdown of the refugee.

The goal of Caraguapa is that the model of these centers change or disappear completely and our intention was never to improve the state of these centers but the humanitarian emergency that we encountered the first time we entered the center made us act immediately so that no more lives were lost and the people who live in the center could do so under minimal conditions of dignity while we managed to break with these schemes and have them return to their community and their families.

DRINKING WATER

To drink non-turbid water the children had to leave the center and travel a considerable distance to take it there. There were a few of them in charge of it because some of them does not have the possibility to go out. Some of the inhabitants are imprisoned for having albinism, others have some physical disability and some are too small to carry weight.

Even so, this water was not drinkable and they drank it without filtering or treating it and many times they drank water directly from the water that arrived at the center for the toilets, which is not potable and yellow in color. Drinking this water made dozens of children fall ill each month and several of them died from stomach infections.

In order to obtain at least one liter of drinking water per person per day, it has been necessary to buy non-chemical and efficient filters with sufficient capacity. The emergency solution was the purchase of Lifestraw Community filters that work great but are very expensive to be a long-term solution. Therefore, we are developing a project together with the engineering area of the NGO OAN INTERNATIONAL who have successfully implemented Sand Bio-filters in Benin at a cost of less than 30 euros per unit and with sufficient guarantees to maintain the health of children. In addition, once we have the molds for the manufacture of these filters, we will be able to filter all the schools and communities in the Kigoma area, not just the center of Kabanga. This project has the capacity to benefit close to 50,000 people.

DINNING ROOM

Before, the dining room that was in the center was a practically empty space with broken plastic chairs and very deteriorated tables. The children tended to eat on the ground or directly outside the dining room on the ground, getting their hands dirty when they sat down, filling the food with dirt and waste of the chickens that ran through the center. The result was a point of constant contamination and total loss of socializing effect that has the time of the meal as a whole.

It was decided to build wooden tables and chairs of high resistance and with capacity so that all the inhabitants of the center could eat in a healthy space and that allowed the interaction of the people who live in the center.

PROTECTIVE SHADOWS

To avoid skin cancer that is the main cause of death for people with albinism we need to protect them from the sun, not only with hats, long sleeves and sunblocks, it is also important that they have spaces to enjoy the outdoors safely. Especially in the case of children so small that they do not understand the transcendence of the sun in their lives.

The roof that was built, is strategically located between the dining room and the bedrooms, in a zone of passage and frequent play. In addition, our Afrikabanga friends have included attractions such as a slide and swings to attract children to the area called "safe".

BLACK WATERS

The water point access coming from the outside is located in the middle of the center and all the water that is used is scattered throughout the center land along with the black water that comes out of the latrines, the bedrooms and where the children play and they run around. This standing water was a source of infection and spread of insects.

To solve this problem, we have built a network of cement canals that would allow the water to move safely and without stalling out of the center.